1487 Battle of Stoke Field, the final engagement of the Wars of the Roses.
1738 – Mary Katharine Goddard, American printer and publisher, was born (d. 1816).
1745 British troops took Cape Breton Island,.
1745 – Sir William Pepperell captured the French Fortress Louisbourg, during the War of the Austrian Succession.
1746 War of Austrian Succession: Austria and Sardinia defeated a Franco-Spanish army at the Battle of Piacenza.
1779 Spain declared war on Great Britain, and the siege of Gibraltar began.
1821 Old Tom Morris, Scottish golfer, was born (d. 1908).
1829 Geronimo, Apache leader, was born (d. 1909).
1858 Abraham Lincoln delivered his House Divided speech in Springfield, Illinois.
1858 Battle of Morar during the Indian Mutiny.
1871 The University Tests Act allowed students to enter the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests, except for courses in theology.
1883 The Victoria Hall theatre panic in Sunderland killed 183 children.
1890 Stan Laurel, British actor and comedian, was born (d. 1965).
1891 John Abbott became Canada’s third prime minister.
1897 A treaty annexing the Republic of Hawaii to the United States was signed.
1903 The Ford Motor Company was incorporated.
1904 Eugen Schauman assassinated Nikolai Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland.
1911 A 772 gram stony meteorite struck the earth near Kilbourn, Columbia County, Wisconsin damaging a barn.
1912 Enoch Powell, British politician, was born (d. 1998).
1915 The foundation of the British Women’s Institute.
1923 Baby farmer Daniel Cooper was hanged..
1924 The Whampoa Military Academy was founded.
1925 The most famous Young Pioneer camp of the USSR, Artek, was established.
1929 Pauline Yates, English actress, was born.
1930 Sovnarkom established decree time in the USSR.
1934 Dame Eileen Atkins, English actress, was born.
1937 Erich Segal, American author, was born (d. 2010).
1938 Joyce Carol Oates, American novelist, was born.
1940 World War II: Marshal Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Premier of Vichy France.
1939 Billy Crash Craddock, American country singer, was born.
1940 – A Communist government was installed in Lithuania.
1948 The storming of the cockpit of the Miss Macao passenger seaplane, operated by a subsidiary of the Cathay Pacific Airways, marked the first aircraft hijacking of a commercial plane.
1961 Rudolf Nureyev defected at Le Bourget airport in Paris.
1967 The three-day Monterey International Pop Music Festival began.
1972 Red Army Faction member Ulrike Meinhof was captured by police in Langenhagen.
1972 The largest single-site hydro-electric power project in Canada started at Churchill Falls, Labrador.
1976 Soweto uprising: a non-violent march by 15,000 students in Soweto turned into days of rioting when police open fire on the crowd and kill 566 children.
1977 Oracle Corporation was incorporated as Software Development Laboratories (SDL) by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner and Ed Oates.
1989 Imre Nagy, the former Hungarian Prime Minister, was reburied in Budapest.
2000 Israel complied with UN Security Council Resolutiwen 425 and withdrew from all of Lebanon, except the disputed Sheba Farms.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia