1184 BC – Trojan War: Troy was sacked and burned, according to calculations by Eratosthenes.
631 Emperor Taizong of Tang, the Emperor of China, sent envoys to the Xueyantuo bearing gold and silk in order to seek the release of enslaved Chinese prisoners captured during the transition from Sui to Tang from the northern frontier; – 80,000 Chinese men and women were returned to China.
758 Abbasid Arabs and Uyghur Turks arrived simultaneously at Chang’an, the Tang Chinese capital, in order to offer tribute to the imperial court. They quarrelled over diplomatic prominence at the gate and a settlement was reached when both are allowed to enter at the same time, but through two different gates to the palace.
1345 The megas doux Alexios Apokaukos, chief minister of the Byzantine Empire, was lynched by political prisoners.
1429 Hundred Years’ War: The start of the Battle of Jargeau.
1594 Philip II recognised the rights and privileges of the local nobles and chieftains in the Philippines, which paved way to the creation of the Principalía (i.e., elite ruling class of native nobility in Spanish Philippines).
1776 John Constable, English painter, was born (d. 1837).
1788 Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov reached Alaska.
1805 A fire consumed large portions of Detroit.
1815 Julia Margaret Cameron, English photographer was born (d. 1879).
1825 The first cornerstone was laid for Fort Hamilton in New York City.
1837 The Broad Street Riot in Boston, fuelled by ethnic tensions between Yankees and Irish.
1847 Millicent Fawcett, British suffragist and feminist, was born (d. 1929).
1864 Richard Strauss, German composer and conductor (d. 1949).
1866 The Allahabad High Court (then Agra High Court) iwa established in India.
1877 Renee Vivien, English-born poet, was born (d. 1909).
1880 Jeannette Rankin, American politician, feminist, and pacifist, was born (d. 1973).
1892 The Limelight Department, one of the world’s first film studios, was officially established in Melbourne.
1898 Spanish-American War: U.S. war ships set sail for Cuba.
1901 New Zealand annexed the Cook Islands.
1901 Cornwall Park was gifted to Auckland at a civic reception for the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York, when Mayor John Logan Campbell handed over the deed to land below One Tree Hill.
1910 Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French explorer and inventor, was born (d. 1997).
1917 King Alexander assumed the throne of Greece after his father Constantine I abdicated under pressure by allied armies occupying Athens.
1919 Sir Barton won the Belmont Stakes, becoming the first horse to win the Triple Crown.
1920 During the U.S. Republican National Convention in Chicago, U.S. party leaders gathered in a room at the Blackstone Hotel to come to a consensus on their candidate for the U.S. presidential election, leading the Associated Press to first coin the political phrase “smoke-filled room“.
1933 Gene Wilder, American actor, was born.
1935 Inventor Edwin Armstrong gave the first public demonstration of FM broadcasting in the United States.
1936 Jud Strunk, American musician and comedian, was born (d. 1981).
1936 The International Surrealist Exhibition opened in London.
1937 Great Purge: The Soviet Union executed eight army leaders.
1938 Second Sino-Japanese War: The Battle of Wuhan started.
1938 – Second Sino-Japanese War: The Nationalist government created the 1938 Yellow River flood to halt Japanese forces. 500,000 to 900,000 civilians were killed.
1940 – World War II: First attack of the Italian Air force on the island of Malta.
1942 World War II: The United States agreed to send Lend-Lease aid to the Soviet Union.
1950 Graham Russell, British guitarist and vocalist (Air Supply), was born.
1955 Eighty-three were killed and at least 100 injured after an Austin-Healey and a Mercedes-Benz collided at the 24 Hours of Le Mans.
1956 Start of Gal Oya riots, the first reported ethnic riots that targeted minority Sri Lankan Tamils in the Eastern Province.
1959 Hugh Laurie, English actor and comedian, was born.
1963 American Civil Rights Movement: Alabama Governor George Wallace stood at the door of Foster Auditorium at the University of Alabama in an attempt to block two black students, Vivian Malone and James Hood, from attending that school. Later in the day, accompanied by federalized National Guard troops, they were able to register.
1963 Buddhist monk Thich Quang Duc burned himself with gasoline in a busy Saigon intersection to protest the lack of religious freedom in South Vietnam.
1964 Walter Seifert ran amok in an elementary school in Cologne killing at least eight children and two teachers and seriously injuring several more with a home-made flamethrower and a lance.
1968 Prince Alois of Liechtenstein, of Liechtenstein, was born.
1972 Eltham Well Hall rail crash, caused by an intoxicated train driver, killed six people and injured 126.
1978 Altaf Hussain founded the students’ political movement All Pakistan Muhajir Students Organisation (a.k.a APMSO) in Karachi University.
1981 A 6.9 magnitude earthquake at Golbaf, Iran, killed at least 2,000.
2002 Antonio Meucci was acknowledged as the first inventor of the telephone by the United States Congress.
2008 Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper made an official apology to Canada’s First Nations in regard to a residential school abuse in which children are isolated from their homes, families and cultures for a century.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia