1039 Henry III became Holy Roman Emperor.
1584 Sir Walter Raleigh established the first English colony on Roanoke Island, old Virginia (now North Carolina).
1738 King George III was born (d. 1820).
1760 Great Upheaval: New England planters arrived to claim land in Nova Scotia taken from the Acadians.
1783 The Montgolfier brothers publicly demonstrated their montgolfière (hot air balloon).
1794 British troops captured Port-au-Prince in Haiti.
1802 Grieving over the death of his wife, Marie Clotilde of France, King Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia abdicated in favor of his brother, Victor Emmanuel.
1825 French-American Revolutionary War: General Lafayette spoke at what would become Lafayette Square, Buffalo during his United States visit.
1859 Italian Independence wars: In the Battle of Magenta, the French army, under Louis-Napoleon, defeated the Austrian army.
1862 American Civil War: Confederate troops evacuated Fort Pillow on the Mississippi River, leaving the way clear for Union troops to take Memphis, Tennessee.
1876 The Transcontinental Express arrived in San Francisco, via the First Transcontinental Railroad only 83 hours and 39 minutes after leaving New York City.
1878 Cyprus Convention: The Ottoman Empire ceded Cyprus to the United Kingdom but retained nominal title.
1879 Mabel Lucie Attwell, English children’s author and illustrator, was born (d. 1964).
1907 Patience Strong, English poet and journalist was born (d. 1990).
1912 Massachusetts became the first state of the United States to set a minimum wage.
1913 Emily Davison, a suffragette, ran out in front of King George V’s horse, Anmer, at the Epsom Derby.
1917 The first Pulitzer Prizes were awarded: Laura E. Richards, Maude H. Elliott, and Florence Hall received the first Pulitzer for biography (for Julia Ward Howe). Jean Jules Jusserand receivesd the first Pulitzer for history for his work With Americans of Past and Present Days. Herbert B. Swope received the first Pulitzer for journalism for his work for the New York World.
1919 The U.S. Congress approved the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guaranteed suffrage to women, and sent it to the U.S. states for ratification.
1920 Hungary loset 71% of its territory and 63% of its population when the Treaty of Trianon was signed in Paris.
1923 Elizabeth Jolley, Australian writer, was born (d. 2007).
1924 Tofilau Eti Alesana, Prime Minister of Samoa, was born (d. 1999).
1927 Geoffrey Palmer, English actor, was born.
1928 Ruth Westheimer, German-born American sex therapist and author, was born.
1928 Chinese president Zhang Zuolin was assassinated by Japanese agents.
1932 Maurice Shadbolt, New Zealand writer, was born( d 2004).
1937 Freddy Fender, American musician, was born (d. 2006).
1937 Robert Fulghum, American author, was born.
1939 Holocaust: The MS St. Louis, a ship carrying 963 Jewish refugees, was denied permission to land in Florida, after already being turned away from Cuba. Forced to return to Europe, many of its passengers later died in Nazi concentration camps.
1940 World War II: The Dunkirk evacuation ended– British forces completed evacuation of 300,000 troops.
1940 – World War II: Nazi forces entered Paris, they finished taking control of the city 10 days later. (June 14, 1940)
1941 Kenneth G. Ross, Australian playwright and screenwriter, was born.
1942 World War II: The Battle of Midway began – Japanese Admiral Chuichi Nagumo ordered a strike on Midway Island by much of the Imperial Japanese navy.
1943 the Cromwell-Dunedin express, travelling at speed, was derailed while rounding a curve near Hyde in Central Otago. Twenty-one passengers were killed and 47 injured in what was at the time New Zealand’s worst-ever rail accident.
1943 A military coup in Argentina ousted Ramón Castillo.
1944 Michelle Phillips, American singer (The Mamas & the Papas) and actress, was born.
1944 World War II: A hunter-killer group of the United States Navy captured the German submarine U-505 – the first time a U.S. Navy vessel had captured an enemy vessel at sea since the 19th century.
1944 – World War II: Rome fell to the Allies, the first Axis capital to fall.
1945 Gordon Waller, Scottish musician (Peter and Gordon), was born.
1961 Ferenc Gyurcsány, 6th Prime Minister of Hungary, was born.
1967 Stockport Air Disaster: British Midland flight G-ALHG crashed in Hopes Carr, Stockport, killing 72 passengers and crew.
1970 Tonga gained independence from the United Kingdom.
1979 Daniel Vickerman, Australian rugby union player, was born.
1979 Flight Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings took power in Ghana after a military coup in which General Fred Akuffo was overthrown.
1986 Jonathan Pollard pleaded guilty to espionage for selling top secret United States military intelligence to Israel.
1989 Ali Khamenei was elected the new Supreme Leader of Iran by the Assembly of Experts after the death of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
1989 – The Tiananmen Square protests were violently ended by the People’s Liberation Army.
1989 Solidarity‘s victory in the first (somewhat) free parliamentary elections in post-war Poland sparked off a succession of peaceful anti-communist revolutions in Eastern Europe, led to the creation of the Contract Sejm and began the Autumn of Nations.
1989 Ufa train disaster: A natural gas explosion near Ufa, Russia, killed 575 as two trains passing each other threw sparks near a leaky pipeline.
1991 The United Kingdom’s Conservative government announced that some British regiments would disappear or be merged into others — the largest armed forces cuts in almost twenty years.
1996 The first flight of Ariane 5 exploded after roughly 20 seconds.
2001 Gyanendra, the last King of Nepal, ascended to the throne after the massacre in the Royal Palace.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia