15 BC Julius Caesar Germanicus, Roman commander, was born (d. 19).
1218 The Fifth Crusade left Acre for Egypt.
1276 Magnus Ladulås was crowned King of Sweden in Uppsala Cathedral.
1487 Lambert Simnel was crowned as “King Edward VI” at Dublin.
1595 Nomenclator of Leiden University Library appeared, the first printed catalog of an institutional library.
1621 The Protestant Union was formally dissolved.
1626 Peter Minuit bought Manhattan.
1689 The English Parliament passes the Act of Toleration protecting Protestants.
1798 Irish Rebellion of 1798 led by the United Irishmen against British rule began.
1819 Queen Victoria was born (d. 1901).
1830 The first revenue trains in the United States began service on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad between Baltimore, Maryland and Ellicott’s Mills, Maryland.
1844 Samuel F. B. Morse sent the message “What hath God wrought” (a Bible quotation, Numbers 23:23) from the Old Supreme Court Chamber in the United States Capitol to his assistant, Alfred Vail, in Baltimore, Maryland.
1846 Mexican-American War: General Zachary Taylor captured Monterrey.
1854 New Zealand’s parliament sat for the first time in Auckland, with 37 MPs.
1856 John Brown and his men murdered five slavery supporters at Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas.
1861 American Civil War: Union troop occupied Alexandria, Virginia.
1870 Jan Christiaan Smuts, Prime Minister of South Africa, was born (d. 1950).
1883 The Brooklyn Bridge was opened to traffic after 14 years of construction.
1887 Edward “Mick” Mannock, Irish WWI flying ace was born (d. 1918).
1895 Henry Irving became the first person from the theatre to be knighted.
1900 Second Boer War: The United Kingdom annexed the Orange Free State.
1901 Seventy-eight miners died in the Caerphilly pit disaster in South Wales.
1915 World War I: Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary.
1921 The trial of Sacco and Vanzetti opened.
1930 Amy Johnson landed in Darwin, Northern Territory, becoming the first woman to fly from England to Australia.
1935 The first night game in Major League Baseball history was played in Cincinnati, Ohio, with the Cincinnati Reds beating the Philadelphia Phillies 2-1 at Crosley Field.
1941 Bob Dylan, American singer and songwriter, was born.
1943 Josef Mengele became chief medical officer of the Auschwitz concentration camp.
1945 Priscilla Presley, American actress, was born.
1956 Conclusion of the Sixth Buddhist Council on Vesak Day, marking the 2,500 year anniversary after the Lord Buddha’s Parinibbāna.
1956 The first Eurovision Song Contest was held in Lugano, Switzerland.
1958 United Press International was formed through a merger of the United Press and the International News Service.
1960 Kristin Scott Thomas, English actress, was born.
1960 Guy Fletcher, British keyboardist (Dire Straits), was born.
1961 American civil rights movement: Freedom Riders were arrested in Jackson, Mississippi for “disturbing the peace” after disembarking from their bus.
1967 Egypt imposed a blockade and siege of the Red Sea coast of Israel.
1968 FLQ separatists bombed the U.S. consulate in Quebec City.
1970 The drilling of the Kola Superdeep Borehole began in the Soviet Union.
1973 Earl Jellicoe resigned as Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the Lords.
1976 The London to Washington, D.C. Concorde service began.
1980 The International Court of Justice called for the release of United States embassy hostagesin Tehran.
1982 Liberation of Khorramshahr, Iranians recapture of the port city of Khorramshahr from the Iraqis during the Iran–Iraq War.
1988 Section 28 of the United Kingdom’s Local Government Act of 1988, a controversial amendment stating that a local authority cannot intentionally promote homosexuality, was enacted.
1989 Sonia Sutcliffe, wife of the Yorkshire Ripper, was awarded £600,000 in damages (later reduced to £60,000 on appeal) after winning a libel action against Private Eye.
1991 Eritrea gained its independence from Ethiopia.
1991 Israel conducted Operation Solomon, evacuating Ethiopian Jews to Israel.
1992 The last Thai dictator, General Suchinda Kraprayoon, resigned following pro-democracy protests.
1994 Four men convicted of bombing the World Trade Center in New York in 1993 were each sentenced to 240 years in prison.
2000 Israeli troops withdrew from southern Lebanon after 22 years of occupation.
2001 Fifteen-year-old Sherpa Temba Tsheri became the youngest person to climb to the top of Mount Everest.
2001 The Versailles wedding hall disaster in Jerusalem, killed 23 and injured over 200 in Israel’s worst-ever civil disaster.
2002 Russia and the United States signed the Moscow Treaty.
2004 North Korea banned mobile phones.
Sourced from NZ History Online and Wikipedia.