878 Syracuse, Italy was captured by the Muslim sultan of Sicily.
996 Sixteen-year-old Otto III was crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
1527 King Philip II of Spain was born (d. 1598).
1554 A royal Charter was granted to Derby School.
1674 The nobility elect ed John Sobieski King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.
1688 Alexander Pope, English poet, was born (d. 1744).
1725 The Order of St. Alexander Nevsky was instituted in Russia by the empress Catherine I.
1780 Elizabeth Fry, British social reformer, was born (d. 1845).
1809 The first day of the Battle of Aspern-Essling between the Austrian army led by Archduke Charles and the French army led by Napoleon I of France.
1840 Lieutenant-Governor William Hobson proclaimed sovereignty over all of New Zealand: over the North Island on the basis of cession by the Treaty of Waitangi and the southern islands by right of discovery.
1851 Slavery was abolished in Colombia.
1856 Lawrence, Kansas was captured and burned by pro-slavery forces.
1863 American Civil War: Siege of Port Hudson – Union forces begin to lay siege to the Confederate-controlled Port Hudson, Louisiana.
1871 French troops invaded the Paris Commune and engage its residents in street fighting. By the close of “Bloody Week” some 20,000 communards have been killed and 38,000 arrested.
1871 Opening of the first rack railway in Europe, the Rigi-Bahnen on Mount Rigi.
1879 War of the Pacific: Two Chilean ships blocking the harbor of Iquique (then belonging to Peru) battled two Peruvian vessels in the Battle of Iquique.
1904 Fats Waller, American pianist, was born (d. 1943).
1904 The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) was founded in Paris.
1907 John C. Allen, American roller coaster designer, was born (d. 1979).
1916 – Harold Robbins, American novelist (d. 1997).
1917 Raymond Burr, Canadian actor (d. 1993).
1917 The Commonwealth War Graves Commission was established through Royal Charter to mark, record and maintain the graves and places of commemoration of Commonwealth of Nations military forces.
1917 The Great Atlanta fire of 1917.
1927 Charles Lindbergh touched down at Le Bourget Field in Paris, completing the world’s first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
1930 Malcolm Fraser, 22nd Prime Minsiter of Australia, was born.
1932 Bad weather forced Amelia Earhart to land in a pasture in Derry, Northern Ireland, and she thereby becme the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.
1934 Oskaloosa, Iowa, became the first municipality in the United States to fingerprint all of its citizens.
1936 Sada Abe was arrested after wandering the streets of Tokyo for days with her dead lover’s severed genitals in her hand.
1937 A Soviet station became the first scientific research settlement to operate on the drift ice of the Arctic Ocean.
1939 The National War Memorial (Canada) was unveiled by King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in Ottawa.
1941 Ronald Isley, American singer (The Isley Brothers), was born.
1943 Hilton Valentine, British guitarist (The Animals), was born.
1948 – Leo Sayer, English musician, was born.
1951 The opening of the Ninth Street Show, otherwise known as the 9th Street Art Exhibition – a gathering of a number of notable artists, and the stepping-out of the post war New York avant-garde, collectively know as the New York School.
1952 Mr. T, American actor, was born.
1961 American civil rights movement: Alabama Governor John Malcolm Patterson declared martial law in an attempt to restore order after race riots break out.
1966 The Ulster Volunteer Force declared war on the Irish Republican Army in Northern Ireland.
1969 Civil unrest in Rosario, Argentina, known as Rosariazo, following the death of a 15-year-old student.
1979 White Night riots in San Francisco following the manslaughter conviction of Dan White for the assassinations of George Moscone and Harvey Milk.
1990 Democratic Republic of Yemen and North Yemen agreed to a unity, merging into Republic of Yemen.
1991 Former Indian prime minister Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated by a suicide bomber near Madras.
1994 Democratic Republic of Yemen unsuccessful attempts to secede from Republic of Yemen, war breaks out.
1996 The MV Bukoba sank in Tanzanian waters on Lake Victoria, killing nearly 1000.
1996 The Trappist Martyrs of Atlas were executed.
1998 In Miami, Florida, five abortion clinics were hit by a butyric acid attacker.
1998 Suharto, Indonesian president of 32 years, resigns.
2004 Sherpa Pemba Dorjie climbed Mount Everest in 8 hours 10 minutes, breaking his rival Sherpa Lakpa Gelu’s record from the previous year.
2006 The Republic of Montenegro held a referendum proposing independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. The Montenegrin people choose independence with a majority of 55%.
2007 The clipper Cutty Sark was badly damaged by fire.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.