1026 Pope John XIX crowned Conrad II as Holy Roman Emperor.
1484 William Caxton printed his translation of Aesop’s Fables.
1516 Conrad Gessner, Swiss naturalist, was born (d. 1565).
1552c Guru Amar Das became the Third Sikh Guru.
1636 Utrecht University was founded in the Netherlands.
1812 An earthquake destroyed Caracas, Venezuela.
1830 The Book of Mormon was published in Palmyra, New York.
1839 The first Henley Royal Regatta was held.
1859 Alfred Edward Housman, English poet, was born (d. 1936).
1874 Robert Frost, American poet, was born (d. 1963).
1881 Thessaly was freed and becomes part of Greece again.
1896 The Brunner Mine Disaster killed 65 men.
1905 Viktor Frankl, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist, was born (d. 1997).
1911 Tennessee Williams, American dramatist, was born (d. 1983).
1913 Balkan War: Bulgarian forces took Adrianople.
1917 First Battle of Gaza – British troops were halted after 17,000 Turks blocked their advance.
1931 Leonard Nimoy, American actor and director, was born.
1934 The driving test was introduced in the United Kingdom.
1942 Auschwitz received its first female prisoners.
1942 Erica Jong, American author, was born.
1943 Bob Woodward, American journalist, was born.
1944 Diana Ross, American singer (Supremes), was born.
1945 World War II: In Iwo Jima, US forces declared Iwo Jima secure.
1948 Richard Tandy, British keyboardist (Electric Light Orchestra), was born.
1948 Steven Tyler, American singer (Aerosmith), was born.
1954 Curtis Sliwa, American founder of the Guardian Angels, anit-crime activist, was born.
1958 The United States Army launched Explorer 3.
1967 Ten thousand people gathered for one of many Central Park Be-Ins in New York City.
1968 James Iha, American musician (The Smashing Pumpkins and A Perfect Circle), was born.
1973 Lawrence E. Page, American search engine pioneer, was born.
1974 Gaura Devi leads a group of 27 women of Laata village, Henwalghati, Garhwal Himalayas, to form circles around trees to stop them being felled, thus sparking the Chipko Movement in India.
1975 The Biological Weapons Convention entered into force.
1979 Anwar al-Sadat, Menachem Begin and Jimmy Carter signed the Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty in Washington, D.C.
1982 A groundbreaking ceremony for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was held in Washington, D.C..
1995 The Schengen Treaty went into effect.
1996 The International Monetary Fund approved a $10.2 billion loan for Russia.
1997 Thirty-nine bodies found in the Heaven’s Gate cult suicides.
1998 Oued Bouaicha massacre in Algeria: 52 people killed with axes and knives, 32 of them babies under the age of 2.
1999 The “Melissa worm” infected Microsoft word processing and e-mail systems around the world.
2005 The Taiwanese government called on 1 million Taiwanese to demonstrate in Taipei, in opposition to the Anti-Secession Law of the People’s Republic of China. Around 200,000 to 300,000 attended the walk.
2006 In Scotland, the prohibition of smoking in all substantially enclosed public places went into force.
2010 – 46 died as a South Korean warship sank, allegedly after an attack by North Korea.
2011 – At least 250,000 people attend the 2011 London anti-cuts protest.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia