1199 Richard I was wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France.
1306 Robert the Bruce became King of Scotland.
1347 Catherine of Siena, Italian saint, was born d. 1380).
1409 The Council of Pisa opened.
1584 Sir Walter Raleigh was granted a patent to colonize Virginia.
1634 The first settlers arrived in Maryland.
1802 The Treaty of Amiens was signed as a “Definitive Treaty of Peace” between France and Britain.
1807 The Slave Trade Act became law, abolishing the slave trade in the British Empire.
1807 – The Swansea and Mumbles Railway, then known as the Oystermouth Railway, became the first passenger carrying railway in the world.
1821 Greeks revolted against the Ottoman Empire, beginning the Greek War of Independence.
1847 Duel between Dr Isaac Featherston, editor of the Wellington Independent, and Colonel William Wakefield, the New Zealand Company’s Principal Agent in New Zealand.
1881 Mary Gladys Webb, English writer, was born (d. 1927).
1894 Coxey’s Army, the first significant American protest march, left Massillon, Ohio for Washington D.C.
1897 John Laurie, Scottish actor, was born (d. 1980).
1899 Burt Munro, New Zealand motorcycle racer, was born (d. 1978).
1903 Racing Club de Avellaneda, one of the big five of Argentina, was founded.
1908 Clube Atletico Mineiro was founded in Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
1911 In New York City, the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire killed 146 garment workers.
1913 Sir Reo Stakis, Anglo-Cypriot hotel magnate, was born (d. 2001).
1914 Norman Borlaug, American agriculturalist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, was born (d. 2009).
1918 The Belarusian People’s Republic was established.
1922 Eileen Ford, American model agency executive, was born.
1934 Gloria Steinem, American feminist and publisher, was born.
1937 Tom Monaghan, American fast-food industry entrepreneur, was born.
1939 Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli beccame Pope Pius XII.
1940 John A Lee was expelled from the Labour Party.
1941 The Kingdom of Yugoslavia joined the Axis powers with the signing of the Tripartite Pact.
1942 Aretha Franklin, American singer, was born.
1947 An explosion in a coal mine in Centralia, Illinois killed 111.
1947 Elton John, English singer and songwriter, was born.
1948 The first successful tornado forecast predicted that a tornado would strike Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma.
1949 The March deportation was conducted in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania to force collectivisation by way of terror. The Soviet authorities deported more than 92,000 people from Baltics to remote areas of the Soviet Union.
1957 The European Economic Community was established (West Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg).
1958 Canada’s Avro Arrow made its first flight.
1960 Steve Norman, British saxophonist (Spandau Ballet), was born.
1960 Peter O’Brien, Australian actor, was born.
1965 Sarah Jessica Parker, American actress, was born.
1965 Civil rights activists led by Martin Luther King, Jr. successfully completed their 4-day 50-mile march from Selma to the capitol in Montgomery, Alabama.
1975 Faisal of Saudi Arabia was shot and killed by a mentally ill nephew.
1979 The first fully functional space shuttle orbiter, Columbia, was delivered to the John F. Kennedy Space Center to be prepared for its first launch.
1992 Cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev returned to Earth after a 10-month stay aboard the Mir space station.
1996 An 81-day-long standoff between the anti-government group Montana Freemen and law enforcement near Jordan, Montana, began.
1996 The European Union’s Veterinarian Committee bans the export of British beef and its by-products as a result of mad cow disease (Bovine spongiform encephalopathy).
2006 Capitol Hill massacre: A gunman killed six people before taking his own life at a party in Seattle’s Capitol Hill neighborhood.
2006 Protesters demanding a new election in Belarus following the rigged Belarusian presidential election, 2006 clashed with riot police. Opposition leader Aleksander Kozulin was among several protesters arrested.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia