On March 1:
752 BC Romulus, first king of Rome celebrated the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caeninenses.
1445 Sandro Botticelli, Italian painter, was born (d. 1510).
1449 Lorenzo de’ Medici, Italian statesman, was born (d. 1492).
1457 The Unitas Fratrum was established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is the second oldest Protestant denomination.
1562 23 Huguenots were massacred by Catholics in Wassy marking the start of the French Wars of Religion.
1565 The city of Rio de Janeiro was founded.
1628 Writs were issued by Charles I of England mandating that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date.
1633 Samuel de Champlain reclaimed his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.
1815 Napoleon returned to France from his banishment on Elba.
1840 Adolphe Thiers became prime minister of France.
1870 Marshal F.S. López died during the Battle of Cerro Corá marking the end of the War of the Triple Alliance.
1872 Yellowstone National Park was established as the world’s first national park.
1873 E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York began production of the first practical typewriter.
1886 Maungatautari Whare Uta (Maori bank) was created in response to Maori concern they were being cheated by Pakeha bankers.
1896 Battle of Adowa: an Ethiopian army defeated an outnumbered Italian force, ending the First Italo–Ethiopian War.
1896 Henri Becquerel discovered radioactivity.
1904 Glenn Miller, American bandleader, was born (d. 1944).
1901 The Shotover Bridge (from which I threw myself three years ago – on a bungy cord) opened.
1910 The worst avalanche in United States history buried a Great Northern Railway train in northeastern King County, Washington, killing 96 people.
1910 David Niven, English actor, was born (d. 1983).
1912 Albert Berry made the first parachute jump from a moving airplane.
1917 Robert Lowell, American poet, was born (d. 1977).
1919 March 1st Movement began in Korea.
1922 Yitzhak Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, was born (d. 1995).
1927 Harry Belafonte, American musician and activist, was born.
1932 The son of Charles Lindbergh, Charles Augustus Lindbergh III, was kidnapped.
1936 The Hoover Dam was completed.
1939 Japanese Imperial Army ammunition dump exploded at Hirakata, Osaka, killing 94.
1939 Trans-Canada Air Lines (forerunner of Air Canada) begins transcontinental operations (between Vancouver and Montreal).
1944 – Mike d’Abo, English singer (Manfred Mann), was born.
1944 Roger Daltrey, English musician (The Who), was born.
1946 The Bank of England was nationalised.
1947 The International Monetary Fund began financial operations.
1953 Joseph Stalin suffered a stroke and collapsed, he died four days later.
1954 Ron Howard, American actor and director, was born.
1956 Dalia Grybauskaite, President of Lithuania, was born.
1956 The International Air Transport Association finalised a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization.
1956 – Formation of the National People’s Army.
1961 President John F. Kennedy established the Peace Corps.
1961 – Uganda became self-governing and held its first elections.
1966 – Venera 3 Soviet space probe crashed on Venus becoming the first spacecraft to land on another planet‘s surface.
1966 – The Ba’ath Party took power in Syria.
1973 Black September terrorists stormed the Saudi embassy in Khartoum, Sudan resulting in the 1973 Khartoum diplomatic assassinations.
1975 Colour television transmissions began in Australia.
1981 Bobby Sands began his hunger strike.
1992 Bosnia and Herzegovina declared its independence from Yugoslavia.
2002 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda began in eastern Afghanistan.
2002 – The Envisat environmental satellite successfully reached an orbit 800 kilometers (500 miles) above the Earth on its 11th launch, carrying the heaviest payload to date at 8500 kilograms (9.5 tons).
2003 – The International Criminal Court held its inaugural session in The Hague.
2004 Mohammed Bahr al-Uloum becomes President of Iraq.
2005 Death penalty for juveniles revoked in United States of America.
2007 Tornadoes swarmed across the southern United States, killing at least 20.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia