1481 – Battle of Westbrook – Holland defeated troops of Utrecht.
1620 Pilgrim Fathers landed at what became New Plymouth in Massachusetts.
1716 Thomas Gray, English writer, was born (d. 1771).
1780 Mary Fairfax Somerville, British mathematician, was born (d. 1872).
1791 Charles Babbage, English mathematician and inventor, was born (d. 1871).
1862 Four nuns serving as volunteer nurses on board USS Red Rover were the first female nurses on a U.S. Navy hospital ship.
1870 The 12.8-km long Fréjus Rail Tunnel through the Alps was completed.
1879 In Christchurch, 30 Catholic Irishmen attacked an Orange (Protestant) procession with pick-handles, while in Timaru 150 men from Thomas O’Driscoll’s Hibernian Hotel surrounded Orangemen and prevented their procession taking place.
1891 Henry Miller, American writer, was born (d. 1980).
1893 Mao Zedong, Chinese military leader and politician, was born (d. 1976).
1919 Babe Ruth of the Boston Red Sox was sold to the New York Yankees by owner Harry Frazee.
1933 FM radio was patented.
1935 Abdul “Duke” Fakir, American singer (The Four Tops), was born.
1940 Phil Spector, American music producer, was born.
1942 Marco Vinicio Cerezo Arévalo, Guatemalan president, was born.
1949 José Ramos-Horta, President of East Timor, Nobel laureate, was born.
1953 Leonel Fernández, Dominican politician and current President of the Dominican Republic, was born.
1953 Toomas Hendrik Ilves, President of Estonia, was born.
1986 World Population reaches 5 billion according to www.ibiblio.org world population tracker.
1991 The Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union met and formally dissolved the USSR.
2004 A 9.0 magnitude earthquake created a tsunami causing devastation in Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, the Maldives and many other areas around the rim of the Indian Ocean, killing 230,000 people.
2006 The 2006 Hengchun earthquake (7.1 magnitude) hit Taiwan.
- Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.