275 The Roman Senate proclaimed Marcus Claudius Tacitus Emperor.
303 On a voyage preaching the gospel, Saint Fermin of Pamplona was beheaded in Amiens.
1066 The Battle of Stamford Bridge marked the end of the Viking invasions of England.
1396 Ottoman Emperor Bayezid I defeated a Christian army at the Battle of Nicopolis
1513 Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa reached the Pacific Ocean.
1555 The Peace of Augsburg was signed in Augsburg by Charles V and the princes of the Schmalkaldic League.
1690 Publick Occurrences Both Foreign and Domestick, the first newspaper to appear in the Americas, was published for the first and only time.
1694 Henry Pelham, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was born (d. 1754).
1725 Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, French steam vehicle pioneer, was born (d. 1804).
1764 Fletcher Christian, English Bounty mutineer, was born (d. 1793).
1775 Ethan Allen surrendered to British forces after attempting to capture Montreal during the Battle of Longue-Pointe. At the same time, Benedict Arnold and his expeditionary company set off from Fort Western, bound for Quebec City (Invasion of Canada (1775)).
1789 The U.S. Congress passed twelve amendments to the United States Constitution: the Congressional Apportionment Amendment (which was never ratified), the Congressional Compensation Amendment, and the ten known as the Bill of Rights.
1819 1819 Samuel Marsden planted what is believed to have been the first grape vines in New Zealand.
1846 U.S. forces led by Zachary Taylor captureed the Mexican city of Monterrey.
1862 Billy Hughes, seventh Prime Minister of Australia, was born (d. 1952).
1868 The Imperial Russian steam frigate Alexander Neuski was shipwrecked off Jutlandwhile carrying Grand Duke Alexei of Russia.
1889 C. K. Scott-Moncrieff, Scottish writer and translator, was born (d. 1930).
1897 William Faulkner, American writer, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1962).
1906 Leonardo Torres Quevedo successfully demonstrated the invention of the Telekino in the port of Bilbao, guiding a boat from the shore, in what is considered the birth of the remote control.
1911 Eric Williams, first Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, was born (d. 1981).
1912 Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism was founded in New York.
1915 World War I: The Second Battle of Champagne began.
1916 Jessica Anderson, Australian author, was born (d 2010).
1921 Sir Robert Muldoon, New Zealand Prime Minsiter was born (d 1992).
1922 Hammer DeRoburt, first President of Nauru was born (d. 1992).
1929 English comedian Ronnie Barker was born.
1929 US broadcaster Barbara Walters was born.
1938 Jonathan Motzfeldt, first Prime Minister of Greenland, was born.
1942 World War II: Swiss Police Instruction of September 25, 1942 denied entry into Switzerland to Jewish refugees.
1944 Michael Douglas, US actor was born.
1944 World War II: Surviving elements of the British 1st Airborne Division withdraw from Arnhem in the Netherlands, ending the Battle of Arnhem and Operation Market Garden.
1946 English actress Felicity Kendal was born.
1952 US actor Christopher Reeve was born(d 2004).
1955 The Royal Jordanian Air Force was founded.
1956 TAT-1, the first submarine transatlantic telephone cable system, was inaugurated.
1957 Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, was integrated by the use of United States Army troops.
1969 English actress Catherine Zeta-Jones was born.
1970 Cease-fire between Jordan and the Fedayeen ended fighting triggered by four hijackings on September 6 and 9.
1972 In a referendum, the people of Norway rejected membership of the European Community.
1977 About 4,200 people took part in the first Chicago Marathon.
1978 PSA Flight 182, a Boeing 727-214, collided in mid-air with a Cessna 172 in San Diego, resulting in the deaths of 144 people.
1981 Sandra Day O’Connor became the 102nd person sworn in as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States and the first woman to hold the office.
1983 Maze Prison escape: 38 republican prisoners, armed with 6 handguns, hijacked a prison meals lorry and smashed their way out of the Maze prison.
1996 The last of the Magdalene Asylums closed in Ireland.
2003 A magnitude-8.0 earthquake struck just offshore Hokkaidō.
2008 China launched the spacecraft Shenzhou 7.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia