On January 22:
1506 The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrived at the Vatican.
1521 Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, opened the Diet of Worms.
1561 Sir Francis Bacon, English philosopher, was born (d. 1626).
1771 – Spain ceded Port Egmont
in the Falkland Islands to England.
1824 – Ashantis defeated British forces in the Gold Coast.
Map of the Ashanti Region within Ghana
1840 The New Zealand Company’s first settler ship, the Aurora, arrived at Petone, marking the official commencement of the settlement that would eventually become Wellington.
1889 Columbia Phonograph was formed in Washington, D.C.
1899 Leaders of six Australian colonies met in Melbourne to discuss confederation.
1901 Edward VII was proclaimed King after the death of his mother, Queen Victoria.
1905 Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution.
1906 SS Valencia ran aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130.
SS Valencia shipwreck, seen from one of the rescuing ships
1919 Act Zluky was signed, unifying the Ukrainian People’s Republic and the West Ukrainian National Republic.
1924 Ramsay MacDonald became the first Labour Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1927 First live radio commentary of a football match anywhere in the world, between Arsenal F.C. and Sheffield United at Highbury.
1931 Sir Isaac Isaacs was sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia.
1934 Graham Kerr, British-born, New Zealand chef, was born.
1940 John Hurt, English actor, was born.
1941 British and Commonwealth troops captured Tobruk from Italian forces during Operation Compass.
1946 Iran: Qazi Muhammad declared the independent people’s Republic of Mahabad at Chuwarchira Square in the Kurdish city of Mahabad. He was the new president; Hadschi Baba Scheich was the prime minister.
1946 – Creation of the Central Intelligence Group, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency.
1952 The first Jet airliner, the de Havilland Comet, entered service for BOAC.
1957 Israel withdrew from the Sinai Peninsula.
1957 The New York City “Mad Bomber”, George P. Metesky, was arrested and charged with planting more than 30 bombs.
1959 Knox Mine Disaster: Water breaches the River Slope Mine near Pittston City, Pennsylvania in Port Griffith; 12 miners are killed.
1960 Michael Hutchence, Australian singer (INXS), was born (d. 1997).
1962 Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu, Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, was born.
1963 The Elysée treaty of co-operation between France and Germany was signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer.
1965 Steven Adler, American drummer (Guns N’ Roses), was born.
1968 Apollo 5 lifted off carrying the first Lunar module into space.
1973 The Supreme Court of the United States delivered its decision in Roe v. Wade, legalizing elective abortion in all fifty states.
1984 The Apple Macintosh, the first consumer computer to popularize the computer mouse and the graphical user interface, was introduced during Super Bowl XVIII with its famous “1984″ television commercial.
1987 Pennsylvania politician R. Budd Dwyer shot and killed himself at a press conference on live national television, leading to debates on boundaries in journalism.
1990 Robert Tappan Morris, Jr. was convicted of releasing the 1988 Internet Computer worm.
Disk containing the source code for the Morris Worm held at the Boston Museum of Science.
1992 Space Shuttle programme: STS-42 Mission – Dr. Roberta Bondar became the first Canadian woman in space.
1999 Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons were burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern India.
2002 Kmart Corp beccame the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
2006 Evo Morales was inaugurated as President of Bolivia, becoming the country’s first indigenous president.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.