On January 11:
630 – Prophet of Islam Muhammad led an army of 10,000 Muslims to conquer Mecca.
1158 – Vladislav II became King of Bohemia.
1569 First recorded lottery in England.
1693 Mt. Etna erupted in Sicily. A powerful earthquake destroyed parts of Sicily and Malta.
1786 Joseph Jackson Lister, English opticist and physicist, was born (d. 1869).
1807 Ezra Cornell, American businessman and university founder, was born (d. 1874).
1846 Ruapekapeka pa was occupied by British troops. Debate raged as to whether the pa was simply abandoned by its defenders or captured by the British.
1879 The Anglo-Zulu War began.
1885 Jack Hoxie, American actor, rodeo performer, was born (d. 1965).
1885 – Alice Paul, American women’s rights activist, was born (d. 1977).
1915 –Robert Blair Mayne, British sldier, co-founder Special Air Service, was born (d. 1955).
1919 Romania annexed Transylvania.
1922 First use of insulin to treat diabetes in a human patient.
1934 Sir Charles Antony Richard Hoare, British computer scientist, was born.
1935 Amelia Earhart was the first woman to fly solo from Hawaii to California.
1938 Arthur Scargill, British politician, was born.
1949 First recorded case of snowfall in Los Angeles.
1962 An avalanche on Huascaran in Peru caused 4,000 deaths.
1964 – United States Surgeon General Dr. Luther Leonidas Terry, M.D., published a report saying that smoking may be hazardous to health – the first such statement made by the U.S. government.
1986 The Gateway Bridge, Brisbane in Queensland was officially opened.
1998– Sidi-Hamed massacre in Algeria killed more than 100 people.
2007 – China conducted the first successful anti-satellite missile test of any nation since 1985.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.