On January 10:
Oil painting by Auguste Millière
1806 Dutch settlers in Cape Town surrendered to the British.
1815 Sir John Alexander Macdonald, first Prime Minister of Canada, was born (d. 1891).
1834 Lord Acton, British historian, was born (d. 1902).
1838 French Bishop Jean Baptiste François Pompallier, a priest and brother of the Society of Mary, arrived at Hokianga.
1863 The London Underground, the world’s oldest underground railway, opened between London Paddington station and Farringdon station.
1903 Barbara Hepworth, English sculptor, was born (d. 1975).
1908 Bernard Lee, English actor was born (d. 1981).
1930 Roy Edward Disney, American film executive, was born (d. 2009).
1936 Burnum Burnum, Australian activist, actor and author, was born (d. 1997).
1945 Rod Stewart, Scottish singer, was born.
1948 Donald Fagen, American musician (Steely Dan), was born.
1949 George Foreman, American boxer, was born.
1959 Fran Walsh, New Zealand screenwriter, was born.
1960 – Brian Cowen, Taoiseach of Ireland, was born.
1972 – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman returned to the newly independent Banglades as president after spending over nine months in prison in Pakistan.
1974 Jemaine Clement, New Zealand actor, was born.
1990 Time Warner was formed from the merger of Time Inc. and Warner Communications Inc.
2001 – A large piece of the chalk cliff at Beachy Head collapsed into the sea.
2005 – A mudslide in La Conchita, California, killed10 people, injured many more and closed Highway 101, the main coastal corridor between San Francisco and Los Angeles, for 10 days.