On December 19:
1154 Henry II was crowned at Westminster Abbey.
1683 Philip V of Spain, was born (d. 1746).
1820 Mary Livermore, American journalist and women’s rights advocate, was born (d. 1905).
1915 Édith Piaf, French singer and actress, was born (d. 1963).
1923 Gordon Jackson, Scottish actor, was born (d. 1990).
1925 Robert B. Sherman, American songwriter, was born.
1932 BBC World Service began broadcasting as the BBC Empire Service.
1941 The Royal Navy cruiser HMS Neptune struck enemy mines and sank off Libya – more than 750 men lost their lives including 150 New Zealanders.
1941 – Maurice White, American singer and songwriter (Earth, Wind & Fire), was born.
1944 Zal Yanovsky, Canadian guitarist (The Lovin’ Spoonful), was born.
1946 Start of the First Indochina War.
1984 The Sino-British Joint Declaration, stating that the People’s Republic of China would resume the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong and the United Kingdom would restore Hong Kong to China with effect from July 1, 1997 was signed in Beijing by Deng Xiaoping and Margaret Thatcher.
2001 A record high barometric pressure of 1085.6 hPa (32.06 inHg )was recorded at Tosontsengel, Khövsgöl Province, Mongolia.
2001 – Argentine economic crisis: December 2001 riots – Riots erupted in Buenos Aires.
2009 – A 6.4 magnitude earthquake occurred off the coast of Hualian, Taiwan.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.