On September 19:
335 Dalmatius was raised to the rank of Caesar by his uncle Constantine I.
1356 In the Battle of Poitiers, the English defeated the French.
1692 Giles Corey was pressed to death after refusing to plead in the Salem witch trials.
1777 First Battle of Saratoga/Battle of Freeman’s Farm/Battle of Bemis Heights.
1796 George Washington’s farewell address was printed across America as an open letter to the public.
1862 American Civil War: Battle of Iuka – Union troops under General William Rosecrans defeated a Confederate force commanded by General Sterling Price.
1863 American Civil War: Battle of Chickamauga.
1870 Franco-Prussian War: the Siege of Paris began.
1881 President James A. Garfield died of wounds suffered in a July 2 shooting.
1882 Christopher Stone, first disc jockey in the United Kingdom, was born (d. 1965).
1893 The Governor, Lord Glasgow, signed a new Electoral Act into law. As a result of this landmark legislation, New Zealand became the first self-governing country in the world to grant all women the right to vote in parliamentary elections.
1911 Sir William Golding, English writer, Nobel Prize laureate, was born (d. 1993).
1927 Nick Massi, American singer and guitarist (The Four Seasons), was born (d. 2000).
1933 – David McCallum, Scottish actor, was born.
1934 Brian Epstein, English musical group manager (The Beatles) (d. 1967).
1940 Bill Medley, American singer and songwriter (The Righteous Brothers), was born.
1940 Witold Pilecki was voluntarily captured and sent to Auschwitz in order to smuggle out information and start a resistance.
1940 – Paul Williams, American composer, was born.
1941 Mama Cass Elliot, American musician, was born (d. 1974).
1944 Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union was signed ending the Continuation War.
1945 Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) was sentenced to death in London.
1946 The Council of Europe was founded following a speech by Winston Churchill at the University of Zurich.
1949 Twiggy, English model, was born.
1952 The United States barred Charlie Chaplin from re-entering the country after a trip to England.
1957 First American underground nuclear bomb test.
1959 Nikita Khrushchev was barred from visiting Disneyland.
1961 Betty and Barney Hill claimed they saw a mysterious craft in the sky and that it tried to abduct them.
1970 The first Glastonbury Festival was held at Michael Eavis’s farm.
1970 Kostas Georgakis, a Greek student of Geology, set himself ablaze in Matteotti Square in Genoa, as a protest against the dictatorial regime of Georgios Papadopoulos.
1971 Montagnard troops of South Vietnam revolted against the rule of Nguyen Khanh, killing 70 ethnic Vietnamese soldiers.
1972 Matt Cockbain, Australian rugby player, was born.
1972 A parcel bomb sent to Israeli Embassy in London killed one diplomat.
1973 Investiture of King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden.
1976 Turkish Airlines Boeing 727 hit the Taurus Mountains killing all 155 passengers and crew.
19-Sep-82 11:44 Scott E Fahlman :-) From: Scott E Fahlman <Fahlman at Cmu-20c> I propose that the following character sequence for joke markers: :-) Read it sideways. Actually, it is probably more economical to mark things that are NOT jokes, given current trends. For this, use :-(
1983 Saint Kitts and Nevis gained independence.
1985 An earthquake killed thousands and destroyed about 400 buildings in Mexico City.
1985 Tipper Gore and other political wives formed the Parents Music Resource Center as Frank Zappa and other musicians testified at U.S. Congressional hearings on obscenity in rock music.
1989 A terrorist bomb exploded on UTA Flight 772 in mid-air above the Tùnùrù Desert, Niger, killing 171.
1991 Ötzi the Iceman was discovered by German tourists.
1995 The Washington Post and The New York Times published the Unabomber’s manifesto.
1997 Guelb El-Kebir massacre in Algeria; 53 killed.
2006 Thai military staged a coup in Bangkok; the Constitution was revoked and martial law declared.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia