On August 26:
1248 The Dutch city of Ommen received city rights and fortification rights from Otto III, the Archbishop of Utrecht.
1530 Tsar Ivan IV of Russia – Ivan the Terrible – was born (d. 1584)
1537 The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army and the second most senior, was formed.
1580 Battle of Alcântara. Spain defeated Portugal.
1609 Galileo Galilei demonstrated his first telescope to Venetian lawmakers.
1724 George Stubbs, British painter, was born (d. 1806).
1758 Seven Years’ War: Frederick II of Prussia defeated the Russian army at the Battle of Zorndorf.
1768 James Cook began his first voyage.
1825 Uruguay declared its independence from Brazil.
1830 The Belgian Revolution began.
1835 The New York Sun perpetrated the Great Moon Hoax.
1898 700 Greeks and 15 Englishmen are killed by the Turks in Heraklion, Greece.
1900 Hans Adolf Krebs, German physician and biochemist; Nobel Prize laureate, was born (d. 1981).
1910 Yellow Cab was founded.
1912 The Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party, was founded.
1916 The United States National Park Service is created.
1918 Leonard Bernstein, American conductor and composer, was born (d. 1990).
1920 Polish-Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw, ended.
1921 The first skirmishes of the Battle of Blair Mountain.
1930 Sean Connery, Scottish actor, was born.
1930 Bruce Allpress, New Zealand actor, was born.
1933 The Diexi earthquake struck Mao County, Sichuan, China and killed 9,000 people.
1938 Frederick Forsyth, English author, was born.
1942 World War II: Battle of Milne Bay, Papua New Guinea.
1944 Paris was liberated by the Allies.
1945 Supporters of the Communist Party of China killed Baptist missionary John Birch, regarded by some of the American right as the first victim of the Cold War.
1946 Charles Ghigna (Father Goose), American poet and children’s author, was born.
1948 Three people died and 80 injured when a tornado hit Frankton on the outskirts of Hamilton.
1949 Martin Amis, English novelist, was born.
1949 Gene Simmons, Israeli-born musician (Kiss), was born.
1950 President Harry Truman ordered the US Army to seize control of the nation’s railroads to avert a strike.
1954 Elvis Costello, English musician, was born.
1961 Billy Ray Cyrus, American singer and actor, was born.
1970 Claudia Schiffer, German model, was born.
198 Tadeusz Mazowiecki iwa chosen as the first non-communist Prime Minister in Central and Eastern Europe.
1989 Voyager 2 spacecraft made its closest approach to Neptune, the outermost planet in the Solar System.
1989 Mayumi Moriyama became Japan’s first female cabinet secretary.
1991 Belarus declared its independence from the Soviet Union.
1991 – The Battle of Vukovar began.
2003 The Tli Cho land claims agreement was signed between the Dogrib First Nations and the Canadian federal government in Rae-Edzo (now called Behchoko).
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia