On August 22:
565 St. Columba reported seeing a monster in Loch Ness.
1138 Battle of the Standard between Scotland and England.
1485 The Battle of Bosworth Field, the death of Richard III and the end of the House of Plantagenet.
1559 Bartolomé Carranza, Spanish archbishop, was arrested for heresy.
1642 Charles I called the English Parliament traitors. The English Civil War began.
1654 Jacob Barsimson arrives in New Amsterdam – the first known Jewish immigrant to America.
1770 James Cook‘s expedition landed on the east coast of Australia.
1780 James Cook‘s ship HMS Resolution returned to England after Cook was killed in Hawaii.
1791 Beginning of the Haitian Slave Revolution in Saint-Domingue.
1798 French troops landed in Kilcummin harbour, County Mayo to aid Wolfe Tone’s United Irishmen’s Irish Rebellion.
1827 José de La Mar becomes President of Peru.
1831 Nat Turner’s slave rebellion commenced leading to the deaths of more than 50 whites and several hundred African Americans who are killed in retaliation for the uprising.
1849 The first air raid in history. Austria launched pilotless balloons against the Italian city of Venice.
1851 The first America’s Cup was won by the yacht America.
1862 Claude Debussy, French composer, was born (d. 1918).
1864 Twelve nations signed the First Geneva Convention. The Red Cross was formed.
1875 The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia was ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.
1893 Dorothy Parker, American writer, was born (d. 1967).
1901 Cadillac Motor Company was founded.
1902 Theodore Roosevelt became the first President of the United States to ride in an automobile.
1909 Julius J. Epstein, American screenwriter, was born (d. 2000).
1915 James Hillier, Co-inventor of the electron microscope, was born (d. 2007).
1922 Michael Collins, Commander-in-Chief of the Irish Free State Army was shot dead during an Anti-Treaty ambush at Béal na mBláth, County Cork, during the Irish Civil War.
1925 Honor Blackman, English actress, was born.
1926 Gold was discovered in Johannesburg.
1932 The BBC first experimented with television broadcasting.
1934 Bill Woodfull of Australia became the only cricket captain to twice regain The Ashes.
1934 – Norman Schwarzkopf, U.S. general, was born.
1934 – Sir Donald McIntyre, English bass-baritone, was born.
1935 E. Annie Proulx, American author, was born.
1939 Valerie Harper, American actress, was born.
1941 World War II: German troops reached Leningrad, leading to the siege of Leningrad.
1942 World War II: Brazil declared war on Germany and Italy.
1944 World War II: Romania wascaptured by the Soviet Union.
1949 Queen Charlotte earthquake: Canada’s largest earthquake since 1700.
1950 Althea Gibson became the first black competitor in international tennis.
1952 The penal colony on Devil’s Island was permanently closed.
1961 Roland Orzabal, British musician (Tears for Fears), was born.
1962 An attempt to assassinate French president Charles de Gaulle failed.
196 The NS Savannah, the world’s first nuclear-powered cargo ship, completed its maiden voyage.
1963 Joe Walker in an X-15 test plane reached an altitude of 106 km (66 mi).
1968 Pope Paul VI arrived in Bogotá – the first visit of a pope to Latin America.
1969 The first Young Farmer of the Year contest was won by Gary Frazer.
1972 Rhodesia was expelled by the IOC for its racist policies.
1973 Howie Dorough, American singer (Backstreet Boys), was born.
1978 The Frente Sandinista de Liberacion – FSLN – occupied national palace in Nicaragua.
1989 The first ring of Neptune was discovered.
1996 Bill Clinton signed welfare reform into law, representing major shift in US welfare policy
2003 Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore was suspended after refusing to comply with a federal court order to remove a rock inscribed with the Ten Commandments from the lobby of the Alabama Supreme Court building.
2004 The Scream and Madonna, two paintings by Edvard Munch, were stolen at gunpoint from a museum in Oslo.
2007 – The Storm botnet, a botnet created by the Storm Worm, sent out a record 57 million e-mails in one day.
Sourced from NZ History Online & WIkipedia