On August 8:
1220 Sweden was defeated by Estonian tribes in the Battle of Lihula.
1503 King James IV of Scotland married Margaret Tudor.
1509 The Emperor Krishnadeva Raya was crowned, marking the beginning of the regeneration of the Vijayanagara Empire.
1576 The cornerstone for Tycho Brahe’s Uraniborg observatory was laid on Hven.
1588 Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines – The naval engagement ended, ending the Spanish Armada’s attempt to invade England.
1647 Battle of Dungans Hill – English Parliamentary forces defeated Irish forces.
1709 Bartolomeu de Gusmão demonstrated the lifting power of hot air in an audience before the King of Portugal.
1786 Mont Blanc was climbed for the first time by Jacques Balmat and Dr Michel-Gabriel Paccard.
1793 The insurrection of Lyon.
1794 Joseph Whidbey and George Vancouver led an expedition to search for the Northwest Passage near Juneau, Alaska.
1870 The Republic of Ploieşti, a failed Radical-Liberal rising against Domnitor Carol of Romania.
1876 Thomas Edison received a patent for his mimeograph.
1879 Bob Smith, American founder of Alcoholics Anonymous, was born (d. 1950).
1908 Wilbur Wright made his first flight at a racecourse at Le Mans.
1910 The US Army installed the first tricycle landing gear on the Army’s Wright Flyer.
1911 The millionth patent was filed in the United States Patent Office by Francis Holton for a tubeless vehicle tire.
1915 The Wellington Battallion captured Chunuk Bair.
1918 Battle of Amiens began a string of almost continuous victories with a push through the German front lines (Hundred Days Offensive).
1929 Ronald Biggs, British Great Train robber, was born.
1929 The German airship Graf Zeppelin began a round-the-world flight.
1937 Dustin Hoffman, American actor, was born.
1940 The “Aufbau Ost” directive was signed by Wilhelm Keitel.
1942 In Washington, DC, six German would-be saboteurs (Operation Pastorius) were executed.
1942 The Quit India resolution was passed by the Bombay session of the AICC, leading to the start of a civil disobedience movement across India.
1945 The Soviet Union declared war on Japan and began the Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation.
1946 First flight of the Convair B-36.
1947 Pakistan’s National Flag was approved.
1949 Bhutan became independent.
1950 Ken Kutaragi, Founder of PlayStation, was born.
1961 The Edge, (Favid Evans) Irish guitarist (U2), was born.
1963 Great Train Robbery: a gang of 15 train robbers stole 2.6 million pounds in bank notes.
1967 The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was founded by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.
1968 Jurō Wada successfully performed Japan’s first heart transplant.
1973 – Kim Dae-Jung, a South Korean politician and later president, was kidnapped.
1974 Watergate scandal: U.S. President Richard Nixon announced his resignation, effective the next day.
1980 The Central Hotel Fire, Bundoran , Ireland.
1988 The “8888 Uprising” in Burma.
1989 STS-28 Mission – Space Shuttle Columbia took off on a secret five-day military mission.
1990 Iraq occupied Kuwait and the state was annexed to Iraq.
1991 The Warsaw radio mast, at one time the tallest construction ever built, collapsed.
1991 John McCarthy, British journalist held hostage in Lebanon for more than five years by Islamic Jihad, was released.
2000 Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley was raised to the surface after 136 years on the ocean floor.
2007 An EF2 tornado touched down in Kings County and Richmond County, New York State, the most powerful tornado in New York to date and the first in Brooklyn since 1889.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia