On July 30:
762 Baghdad was founded.
1419 First Defenestration of Prague.
1502 Christopher Columbus landed at Guanaja in the Bay Islands off the coast of Honduras during his fourth voyage.
1549 Ferdinando I de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, was born (d. 1609).
1608 Samuel de Champlain shot and killed two Iroquois chiefs which set the tone for French–Iroquois relations for the next 100 years.
1619 The first representative assembly in the Americas, the House of Burgesses, convened for the first time.
1629 An earthquake in Naples killed 10,000 people.
1733 The first Masonic Grand Lodge in what became the United States was constituted in Massachusetts.
1756 Bartolomeo Rastrelli presented the newly-built Catherine Palace to Empress Elizabeth and her courtiers.
1811 Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, leader of the Mexican insurgency, was executed by the Spanish.
1818 Emily Brontë, English novelist, was born (d. 1848).
1825 Malden Island was discovered.
1859 First ascent of Grand Combin.
1863 Henry Ford, American industrialist, was born (d. 1947).
1863 Indian Wars: Chief Pocatello of the Shoshone tribe signed the Treaty of Box Elder, agreeing to stop the harassment of emigrant trails in southern Idaho and northern Utah.
1864 American Civil War: Battle of the Crater – Union forces attempt edto break Confederate lines at Petersburg, Virginia by exploding a large bomb under their trenches.
1866 New Orleans’s Democratic government ordered police to raid an integrated Republican Party meeting, killing 40 people and injuring 150.
1871 The Staten Island Ferry Westfield’s boiler exploded, killing over 85 people.
1893 Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani Mother of the Nation, was born (d. 1967).
1898 Henry Moore, English sculptor, was born (d. 1986).
1916 Black Tom Island explosion in Jersey City.
1925 Alexander Trocchi, Scottish writer, was born (d. 1984).
1926 Christine McGuire, American singer (The McGuire Sisters), was born.
1930 Uruguay won the first Football World Cup.
1932 Premiere of Walt Disney’s Flowers and Trees, the first cartoon short to use Technicolor and the first Academy Award winning cartoon short.
1935 Ted Rogers, English comedian and game show host, was born (d. 2001).
1940 Sir Clive Sinclair, English entrepreneur and inventor (pocket calculator, home computer), was born.
1941 Paul Anka, Canadian singer and composer, was born.
1945 Japanese submarine I-58 sank the USS Indianapolis, killing 883 seamen.
1947 Arnold Schwarzenegger, Austrian-born American actor and 38th Governor of California, was born.
1950 Frank Stallone, American singer and actor, was born.
1953 Rikidōzan held a ceremony announcing the establishment of the Japan Pro Wrestling Alliance.
1956 A joint resolution of the U.S. Congress was signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, authorizing In God We Trust as the U.S. national motto.
1958 Kate Bush, English singer/songwriter, was born.
1958 Daley Thompson, English decathlete, was born.
1965 US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid.
1969 Vietnam War: US President Richard M. Nixon made an unscheduled visit to South Vietnam and met President Nguyen Van Thieu and U.S. military commanders.
1971 Apollo 15 Mission – David Scott and James Irwin on Apollo Lunar Module module, Falcon, landed with first Lunar Rover on the moon.
1971 An All Nippon Airways Boeing 727 and a Japanese Air Force F-86 collided over Morioka killing 162.
1974 Watergate Scandal: US President Richard M. Nixon released subpoenaed White House recordings after being ordered to do so by the United States Supreme Court.
1974 Six Royal Canadian Army Cadetswere killed and fifty-four injured in an accidental grenade blast at CFB Valcartier Cadet Camp.
1975 Three members of the Miami Showband and two gunmen were killed during a botched paramilitary attack in Northern Ireland.
1978 The 730 (transport), Okinawa changed its traffic on the right-hand side of the road to the left-hand side.
1979 Carless days were introduced in New Zealand to combat the second oil shock.
1980 Vanuatu gained independence.
1980 Israel’s Knesset passed the Jerusalem Law
1997 Eighteen lives were lost in the Thredbo Landslide.
2003 In Mexico, the last ‘old style’ Volkswagen Beetle rolled off the assembly line.
2006 World’s longest running music show Top of the Pops was broadcast for the last time on BBC Two after 42 years.
2006 Lebanon War: At least 28 civilians, including 16 children were killed by the Israeli Air Force in what Lebanese call the Second Qana massacre.
2009 A bomb exploded in Palma Nova, Mallorca, killing 2 police officers. Basque separatist group ETA is believed to be responsible.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia