On June 13:
823 Charles the Bald , Holy Roman Emperor and King of the West Franks,was born (d. 877).
1249 – Coronation of Alexander III as King of Scots.
1373 – Anglo-Portuguese Alliance between England (succeeded by the United Kingdom) and Portugal – the oldest alliance in the world which is still in force.
1525 Martin Luther married Katharina von Bora, against the celibacy rule decreed by the Roman Catholic Church for priests and nuns.
1584 Miyamoto Musashi, Legendary Samurai warrior, artist, and author of The Book of Five Rings, was born (d. 1645).
1625 King Charles I married French princess Henrietta Maria de Bourbon.
1752 Fanny Burney, English novelist and diarist, was born (d. 1840).
1774 Rhode Island became the first of Britain’s North American colonies to ban the importation of slaves.
1777 American Revolutionary War: Marquis de Lafayette landed near Charleston, South Carolina, in order to help the Continental Congress to train its army.
1798 Mission San Luis Rey de Francia was founded.
1805 Lewis and Clark Expedition: scouting ahead of the expedition, Meriwether Lewis and four companions sighted the Great Falls of the Missouri River.
1863 Lady Lucy Duff Gordon, English fashion designer (d. 1935).
1865 William Butler Yeats, Irish writer, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1937).
1871 In Labrador, a hurricane killed 300 people.
1881 The USS Jeannette was crushed in an Arctic Ocean ice pack.
1883 Henry George Lamond, Australian farmer and author was born.
1886 A fire devastatesd much of Vancouver.
1886 – King Ludwig II of Bavaria was found dead in Lake Starnberg south of Munich.
1893 Dorothy L. Sayers, English author, was born (d. 1957).
1893 Grover Cleveland underwent secret, successful surgery to remove a large, cancerous portion of his jaw; the operation wasn’t revealed to the public until 1917, nine years after the president’s death.
1898 Yukon Territory was formed, with Dawson chosen as its capital.
1910 Mary Whitehouse, British campaigner, was born (d. 2001).
1910 The University of the Philippines College of Engineering was established.
1917 World War I: the deadliest German air raid on London during World War I was carried out by Gotha G bombers and resulted in 162 deaths, including 46 children, and 432 injuries.
1927 Aviator Charles Lindbergh received a ticker-tape parade down 5th Avenue in New York.
1934 Adolf Hitler and Mussolini met in Venice.
1942 The United States opened its Office of War Information.
1942 The United States established the Office of Strategic Services.
1944 Ban Ki-moon, South Korean United Nations Secretary-General, was born.
1944 World War II: Germany launched a counter attack on Carentan.
1944 – World War II: Germany launched a V1 Flying Bomb attack on England. Only four of the eleven bombs actually hit their targets.
1949 Dennis Locorriere, American singer and guitarist (Dr. Hook & The Medicine Show), was born.
1952 Catalina affair: a Swedish Douglas DC-3 was shot down by a Soviet MiG-15 fighter.
1953 Tim Allen, American comedian and actor, was born.
1955 Mir Mine, the first diamond mine in the USSR, was discovered.
1966 The United States Supreme Court ruled in Miranda v. Arizona that the police must inform suspects of their rights before questioning them.
1967 U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson nominated Solicitor-General Thurgood Marshall to become the first black justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.
1970 Chris Cairns, New Zealand cricketer, was born.
1970 “The Long and Winding Road” became the Beatles’ last Number 1 song.
1971 Vietnam War: The New York Times began publication of the Pentagon Papers.
1978 Israeli Defense Forces withdrew from Lebanon.
1981 At the Trooping the Colour ceremony a teenager, Marcus Sarjeant, fired six blank shots at Queen Elizabeth II.
1982 Fahd became King of Saudi Arabia on the death of his brother, Khalid.
1983 – Pioneer 10 became the first man-made object to leave the solar system.
1994 A jury in Anchorage blamed recklessness by Exxon and Captain Joseph Hazelwood for the Exxon Valdez disaster, allowing victims of the oil spill to seek $15 billion in damages.
1995 French president Jacques Chirac announced the resumption of nuclear tests in French Polynesia.
1996 The Montana Freemen surrendered after an 81-day standoff with FBI agents.
1997 Uphaar cinema fire, in New Delhi, killed 59 people, and over 100 people injured.
1997 American fugitive Ira Einhorn was arrested in France for the murder of Holly Maddux after 16 years on the run.
2000 President Kim Dae Jung of South Korea met Kim Jong-il, leader of North Korea, for the beginning of the first ever inter-Korea summit.
2000 Italy pardoned Mehmet Ali Agca, the Turkish gunman who tried to kill Pope John Paul II in 1981.
2002 The United States of America withdrew from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.
2005 A jury in Santa Maria, California acquitted pop singer Michael Jackson of molesting 13-year-old Gavin Arvizo at his Neverland Ranch.
2007 The Al Askari Mosque was bombed for a third time.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia