On February 14:
270 St. Valentine was killed.
1349 Approximately 2,000 Jews were burned to death by mobs or forcibly removed from the city of Strasbourg.
1483 Babur, Moghul emperor of India (, was born.
1556 Thomas Cranmer was declared a heretic.
1743 Henry Pelham became British Prime Minister.
1778 The United States Flag was formally recognized by a foreign naval vessel for the first time, when French Admiral Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte rendered a nine gun salute to USS Ranger, commanded by John Paul Jones.
1779 James Cook was killed by Hawaiians near Kealakekua on the Island of Hawaii.
The Death of Cook painted by John Cleveley in 1784
1797 Battle of Cape St. Vincent – John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent and Horatio Nelson (later 1st Viscount Nelson) led the British Royal Navy to victory over a Spanish fleet in action near Gibraltar.
1803 Chief Justice John Marshall declared that any act of U.S. Congress that conflicts with the Constitution was void.
1804 Karadjordje led the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire.
1819 Christopher Sholes, American inventor, was born.
1831 Ras Marye of Yejju marched into Tigray and defeated and killed Dejazmach Sabagadis in the Battle of Debre Abbay.
1835 The original Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, iws formed in Kirtland, Ohio.
1838 Margaret E. Knight, American inventor, was born.
1847 Anna Howard Shaw, American suffragette, was born.
1849 James Knox Polk became the first serving President of the United States to have his photograph taken.
1859 George Washington Gale Ferris, Jr., American engineer and inventor (Ferris Wheel) , was born.
1872 Government forces led by Captain Preece tackled Te Kooti for the last time along the Mangaone stream, near Lake Waikaremoana.
1876 Alexander Graham Bell applied for a patent for the telephone, as did Elisha Gray.
1879 The War of the Pacific broke out when Chilean armed forces occupied the Bolivian port city of Antofagasta.
Battalion No. 3 of the Chilean Army, formed in columns in the Plaza Colon, Antofagasta.
1899 Voting machines were approved by the U.S. Congress for use in federal elections.
1900 Second Boer War: 20,000 British troops invaded the Orange Free State.
1912 – The first diesel-powered submarine was commissioned.
1915 Maori soldiers set sail for World War I.
1919 The Polish-Soviet War began.
1920 The League of Women Voters was founded in Chicago.
1924 The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) was founded.
1929 St. Valentine’s Day Massacre: Seven people, six of them gangster rivals of Al Capone‘s gang, are murdered in Chicago.
1942 Battle of Pasir Panjang contributed to the fall of Singapore.
1942 Michael Bloomberg, Mayor of New York City, was born.
1943 Tunisia Campaign – General Hans-Jurgen von Arnim’s Fifth Panzer Army launches a concerted attack against Allied positions in Tunisia.
1944 Carl Bernstein, American journalist, was born.
1944 Anti-Japanese revolt on Java.
1945 Prague was bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
1945 President Franklin D. Roosevelt met with King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia aboard the USS Quincy, officially starting the U.S.-Saudi diplomatic relationship.
1945 Mostar was liberated by Yugoslav partisans.
1946 The Bank of England was nationalized.
1946 ENIAC, the first general-purpose electronic computer, was unveiled.
1949 The Knesset (Israeli parliament) convened for the first time.
1949 – The Asbestos Strike began in Canada, marking the beginning of the Quiet Revolution in Quebec.
1961 Discovery of the chemical elements: Element 103, Lawrencium, was first synthesized at the University of California.
1962 First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy took television viewers on a tour of the White House.
1966 Australian currency was decimalised.
1979 Muslims kidnapped the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs.
1981 Stardust Disaster: A fire in a Dublin nightclub killed 48 people
1983 United American Bank of Knoxville, Tennessee collapsed.
1989 Union Carbide agreed to pay $470 million to the Indian government for damages it caused in the 1984 Bhopal Disaster.
1989 Iranian leader Ruhollah Khomeini issued a fatwa encouraging Muslims to kill the author of The Satanic Verses, Salman Rushdie.
1989 – The first of 24 satellites of the Global Positioning System were placed into orbit.
1990 92 people were killed aboard Indian Airlines Flight 605 at Bangalore, India.
1996 China launched a Long March 3 rocket, carrying the Intelsat 708 satellite which flew off course 3 seconds after liftoff and crashed into a rural village.
2000 The spacecraft NEAR Shoemaker entered orbit around asteroid 433 Eros, the first spacecraft to orbit an asteroid.
2002 – Tullaghmurray Lass sank off the coast of Kilkeel, County Down killing three members of the same family on board.
2004 – In a suburb of Moscow, Russia, the roof of the Transvaal water park collapses, killing more than 25 people, and wounding more than 100 others.
2005 – Seven people were killed and 151 wounded in a series of bombings by suspected Al-Qaeda-linked militants that hit the Philippines’ Makati financial district in Metro Manila, Davao City, and General Santos City.
2008 Northern Illinois University shooting: a gunman opened fire in a lecture hall of the DeKalb County, Illinois university resulting in 6 fatalities (including gunman) and 18 injuries.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.