On February 8:
Universiteit Leiden was founded, and given the motto “Praesidium Libertatis”.
1587 Mary, Queen of Scots was executed at suspicion of having been involved in the
Babington Plot to murder her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I of England.
Samuel Butler, English poet, was born.
James I disbanded the English Parliament.
1692 – A doctor in Salem Village suggeseds that two girls in the family of the village minister may be suffering from bewitchment, leading to the Salem witch trials.
College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia was granted a charter by King William III and Queen Mary II.
Supreme Privy Council is established in Russia.
Battle of Eylau – Napoleon defeated Russians under General Benigssen.
Juan Gregorio de las Heras crossed the Andes with an army to join San Martín and liberate Chile from Spain.
Jules Verne, French author, was born.
Richard Johnson became the first Vice President of the United States chosen by the United States Senate.
New Roman Republic established.
Devil’s Footprints mysteriously appeared in southern Devon.
Barbu Dimitrie Ştirbei abolished slavery in Wallachia.
1865 Delaware voters reject the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, and vote to continue the practice of slavery.
results in the establishment of the Ausgleich Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary.
Sandford Fleming first proposed adoption of Universal Standard Time at a meeting of the Royal Canadian Institute.
Thomas Selfridge, first person to die in an airplane crash, was born.
Dawes Act authorised the President of the United States to survey Native American tribal land and divide it into individual allotments.
1900 British troops were defeated by
Boers at Ladysmith.
Battle of Port Arthur: A surprise torpedo attack by the Japanese at Port Arthur, China started the Russo-Japanese War.
Boy Scouts of America was incorporated by William D. Boyce.
D.W. Griffith’s controversial film premiered in Los Angeles. The Birth of a Nation
Warren G. Harding introduced the first radio in the White House.
1924 The first state execution using gas in the
United Stats took place in Nevada.
James Dean, American actor, was born.
1931 All three people on board a Dominion Airline DeSoutter were killed in a crash near Wairoa. This was the
first fatal air service accident in New Zealand.
The Temptations in 1984. Pictured L-R: Otis Williams, Melvin Franklin, (from top) Richard Street, Ali-Ollie Woodson, Ron Tyson
Elizabeth II was proclaimed Queen of the UK.
Elizabeth changes a wheel during WWII.
John Grisham, American writer, was born.
1955 The Government of
Sindh abolished the Jagirdari system in the province. One million acres (4000 km²) of land thus acquired was to be distributed among the landless peasants.
1960 Queen Elizabeth II issued an Order-in-Council, stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor, and that her descendants would take the name “ Mountbatten-Windsor“.
Charonne massacre: 9 trade unionists were killed by French police at the instigation of Nazi collaborator Maurice Papon, then chief of the Paris Prefecture of Police.
Mohammad Azharuddin, Indian cricketer, was born.
1963 Travel, financial and commercial transactions by United States citizens to Cuba were made illegal by the John F. Kennedy administration.
Orangeburg massacre, a mass killing in Orangeburg, South Carolina of black students from South Carolina State University who were protesting racial segregation at the town’s only bowling alley.
Allende meteorite fell near Pueblito de Allende, Chihuahua, Mexico.
NASDAQ stock market index debuted.
1974 The crew of the first
American space station Skylab returned to Earth after 84 days in space.
1974 – Military coup in
1978 Proceedings of the United States Senate were broadcast on radio for the first time.
Denis Sassou-Nguesso became the President of the Republic of the Congo.
Melbourne dust storm hit.The result of the worst drought on record and a day of severe weather conditions, the 320m deep dust cloud enveloped the city, turning day to night.
1989 An Independent Air
Boeing 707 crashed into Santa Maria mountain in Azores Islands killing 144.
1996 The U.S. Congress passes the
Communications Decency Act.
1996 – The massive Internet collaboration “
24 Hours in Cyberspace” took place.
1998 First female
ice hockey game in Olympic history: Finland beat Sweden 6-0.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.