On January 19:
San Agustin Church in Manila, now the oldest church in the Philippines, was officially completed.
James Watt, Scottish inventor, was born.
John Wilkes was expelled from the British House of Commons for seditious libel.
1788 Second group of ships of the First Fleet arrives at Botany Bay.
Batavian Republic was proclaimed in the Netherlands. End of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands.
1806 – The United Kingdom occupied the
Cape of Good Hope.
Robert E. Lee, American Confederate general, was born.
Edgar Allan Poe, American writer and poet, was born.
1817 An army of 5,423 soldiers, led by General
José de San Martín, crossed the Andes from Argentina to liberate Chile and then Peru.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe‘s premiered. Faust Part 1
Paul Cézanne, French painter, was born.
British East India Company captured Aden.
Charles Wilkes circumnavigated Antarctica, claiming what became known as Wilkes Land for the United States.
Hone Heke cut down the British flag pole for the third time.
, English swimmer/diver first man to swim English Channel without artifical aids, was born.
1853 – Giuseppe Verdi‘s opera premiered in Rome. Il Trovatore
1883 The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by
Thomas Edison, began service at Roselle, New Jersey.
Henrik Ibsen‘s play premiered in The Master Builder Berlin.
1899 – Anglo-Egyptian Sudan was formed.
Georges Claude patented the neon discharge tube for use in advertising.
zeppelins bombed the cities of Great Yarmouth and King’s Lynn killing more than 20, in the first major aerial bombardment of a civilian target.
1917 German Foreign Secretary
Arthur Zimmermann sent the Zimmermann Telegram to Mexico, proposing a German-Mexican alliance against the United States.
Silvertown explosion: 73 killed and 400 injured in an explosion in a munitions plant in London.
Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles between the Red Guards and the White Guard.
Jean Stapleton, American actress, was born.
Coopers Inc. sold the world’s first briefs.
Johnny O’Keefe, Australian singer, was born.
Howard Hughes set a new air record by flying from Los Angeles, California to New York City in 7 hours, 28 minutes, 25 seconds.
Phil Everly, American musician, was born.
Michael Crawford, British singer and actor, was born.
Janis Joplin, American singer, was born.
Princess Margriet of the Netherlands, was born.
Soviet forces liberate the Łódź ghetto. Out more than 200,000 inhabitants in 1940, less than 900 had survived the Nazi occupation.
Dolly Parton, American singer and actress, was born.
Douglas MacArthur established the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo to try Japanese war criminals.
Rod Evans, British musician ( Deep Purple), was born.
Dewey Bunnell, American singer and songwriter ( America), was born.
1953 68% of all
television sets in the United States were tuned in to to watch I Love Lucy Lucy give birth to Desi Arnaz, Jr., American actor.
Indira Gandhi was elected Prime Minister of India.
Princess Kalina of Bulgaria, was born.
1977 – Snow fell in Miami, Florida for the only time time in the
history of the city.
1978 The last
Volkswagen Beetle made in Germany left VW’s plant in Emden.
1981 United States and Iranian officials signed an agreement to release 52 American hostages after 14 months of captivity.
1983 Nazi war criminal
Klaus Barbie was arrested in Bolivia.
1983 – The
Apple Lisa, the first commercial personal computer from Apple Inc. to have a graphical user interface and a computer mouse, was announced.
1993 – IBM announced a $4.97 billion loss for 1992, the largest single-year corporate loss in United States history.
1996 The barge
oil spill occurred as an engine fire forced the tugboat North Cape Scandia ashore on Moonstone Beach in South Kingstown, Rhode Island.
Tug Scandia and tank barge North Cape
Yasser Arafat returned to Hebron after more than 30 years and joined celebrations over the handover of the last Israeli-controlled West Bank city.
2006 – The
New Horizons probe was launched by NASA on the first mission to Pluto.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.