On December 10:
1394 King James I of Scotland was born.
1830 Emily Dickinson, American poet, was born.
1868 The first traffic lights were installed outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they used semaphore arms and were illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.
1878 Rajaji, India’s freedom fighter and the first Governor General of independent India was born.
1901 The first Nobel Prizes were awarded.
The committee room of the Norwegian Nobel Committee
1902 Women were given the right to vote in Tasmania.
1907 The worst night of the Brown Dog riots in London, when 1,000 medical students clashed with 400 police officers over the existence of a memorial for animals which had been vivisected.
1907 Rumer Godden, English writer, was born.
1908 Ernest Rutherford won the Nobel Prize in chemistry.
1914 Dorothy Lamour, American actress, was born.
1948 The UN General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Eleanor Roosevelt with the Spanish version of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
1949 Chinese Civil War: The People’s Liberation Army began its siege of Chengdu, the last Kuomintang-held city in mainland China, forcing President of the Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek and his government to retreat to Taiwan.
1952 Susan Dey, American actress, was born.
1955 Jacquelyn Mitchard, American novelist, was born.
1960 Kenneth Branagh, Northern Irish actor and director, was born.
1962 New Zealand born Maurice Wilkins won the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine. His colleagues James Watson and Francis Crick shared the prize for their studies on the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), the genetic molecule found in all organisms. Watson used X-rays to show the shape of the double helix.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.