On October 28:
Francis Borgia, Spanish duke and Jesuit priest was born.
Saint Francis Borgia. He is depicted performing an exorcism in this painting by Francisco Goya.
1538 The first university n the New World, the
Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino in the Dominican Republic, was established.
Duke of York and Albany’s Maritime Regiment of Foot, later to be known as the Royal Marines, was established.
Canaletto, Italian artist, was born.
Georges Auguste Escoffier, French chef, was born.
1848 The first railway in
Spain – between Barcelona and Mataró – wass opened
Grover Cleveland dedicated the Statue of Liberty.
New Zealand’s first Labour Day celebrations took place.
Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 6 in B Minor, , received its premiere performance in St. Petersburg. Pathétique
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky by Nikolay Kuznetsov, 1893
, American biologist and physician, was born.
Dame Cleo Laine, English singer. was born.
Joan Plowright, English actress was born.
Hank Marvin,lead guitarist for The SHadows, was born.
Alaska Highway (Alcan Highway) was completed through Canada to Fairbanks, Alaska.
1946 Australian politician, former leader of the Liberal Party,
John Hewson, was born.
Swiss chemist Paul Müller was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the insecticidal properties of DDT.
1954 The modern
Kingdom of the Netherlands was re-founded as a federal monarchy.
Bill Gates, American software executive, was born.
Landon Curt Noll, Astronomer, Cryptographer and Mathematician: youngest to hold the world record for the largest known prime 3 times, was born.
Nostra Aetate, the “Declaration on the Relation of the Church with Non-Christian Religions” of the Second Vatican Council, is promulgated by Pope Paul VI; it absolves the Jews of the alleged killing of Jesus, reversing Innocent III’s 760 year-old declaration.
Julia Roberts, American actress, was born.
Gary Gabelich set a land speed record in a rocket-powered automobile called the Blue Flame, fueled with natural gas.
Britain launched its first (and so far, only) satellite, Prospero, into low Earth orbit atop a Black Arrow carrier rocket.
Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party (PSOE) won elections, leading to first Socialist government in Spain after death of Franco. Felipe Gonzalez became Prime Minister-elect.
Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner became the first woman elected President of Argentina.
Sourced from NZ History Online and Wikipedia.