1189 Richard I (the Lionheart) was crowned at Westminster.
1939: New Zealand declared war on Germany.
This is not an occasion for many words; it is a dark day in the history of the world … It is with deep regret and sadness that I make this announcement on behalf of the Government, and the people will receive it with similar feelings. That will not, however, affect the determination of both Government and people to play their part.- Acting Prime Minister Peter Fraser.
France, Britain and Australia also declare war on Germany starting World War II.
1940 English actor Pauline Collins was born.
1958 Brian Barratt-Boyes performed the first open heart surgery in New Zealand.
Sourced from NZ History Online and Wikipedia.