On August 19:
1745 the second Jacobite rising began when Charles Edward Stuart returned from France and began marching on London.
1853 Edwin Gibbon Wakefield was elected to parliament.
1883 Coco Chanel was born.
1902 Ogden Nash was born.
1919 Afghanistan gained full independence from Britain.
1930 Irish writer Frank McCourt was born.
1944: Pilot Officer Pilot Officer James Stellin avoided crashing into Saint-Maclou-la-Brière, a village of 370 people in the Seine-Maritime region at the cost of his own life. The villagers gave him a hero’s funeral and have honoured his memory ever since.
1946 Former US President Bill Clinton was born.
Sourced from Wikipeida and NZ History Online.