474 Zeno was crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
1555 Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper was burned at the stake.
1621 Gregory XV became Pope, the last Pope elected by acclamation.
1770 Captain Cook completed his circumnavigation of the North Island.
1773 William Henry Harrison, 9th President of the United States, was born (d. 1841).
1789 Franz Xaver Gabelsberger, German inventor of the stenography, was born (d. 1849).
1825 After no presidential candidate received a majority of electoral votes, the United States House of Representatives elected John Quincy Adams President.
1849 New Roman Republic was established.
1865 Mrs. Patrick Campbell, British actress (b0rn Beatrice Stella Tanner), was born (d. 1940).
1870 – The U.S. Weather Bureau was established.
1874 Amy Lowell, American poet, was born (d. 1925).
1885 The first Japanese government-approved immigrants arrived in Hawaii.
1889 The United States Department of Agriculture was established as a Cabinet-level agency.
1891 Ronald Colman, English actor, was born (d. 1958).
1897 – Charles Kingsford Smith, Australian pilot, was born (d. 1935).
1900 Wanganui Opera House opened.
1900 The Davis Cup competition was established.
1926 Garret FitzGerald, 7th Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland, was born.
1934 The Balkan Entente is formed.
1936 Stompin’ Tom Connors, Canadian country singer, was born.
1940 Brian Bennett, British musician (The Shadows), was born.
1940 – J. M. Coetzee, South African author, Nobel laureate, was born.
1942 – Year-round Daylight saving time was re-instated in the United States as a wartime measure to help conserve energy resources.
1942 Carole King, American singer, was born.
1943 World War II: Allied authorities declare Guadalcanal secure after Imperial Japan evacuates its remaining forces from the island, ending the Battle of Guadalcanal.
1944 Alice Walker, American writer, was born.
1945 Mia Farrow, American actress, was born.
1947 Carla Del Ponte, Swiss UN prosecutor, was born.
1950 Second Red Scare: Senator Joseph McCarthy accused the United States Department of State of being filled with Communists.
1962 Jamaica became independent.
1965 The first United States combat troops were sent to South Vietnam.
1969 First test flight of the Boeing 747.
1970 Glenn McGrath, Australian cricketer, was born.
1971 The 6.4 Richter Scale Sylmar earthquake hits the San Fernando Valley area of California.
1971 Satchel Paige became the first Negro League player to be voted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.
1971 Apollo 14 returned to Earth after the third manned moon landing.
1975 The Soyuz 17 Soviet spacecraft returned to Earth.
1991 Voters in Lithuania voted for independence.
1994 Vance-Owen peace plan for Bosnia and Herzegovina was announced.
1996 The Irish Republican Army declared the end of its 18 month ceasefire shortly followed by the explosion of a large bomb in London’s Canary Wharf.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.