42 BC First Battle of Philippi: Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fought a decisive battle with Caesar’s assassins Brutus and Cassius.
1283 Dafydd ap Gruffydd, prince of Gwynedd in Wales, became the first person executed by being hanged, drawn and quartered.
1574 The Siege of Leiden was lifted by the Watergeuzen.
1739 The Treaty of Nissa was signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the finish of the Russian-Turkish War, 1736–1739.
1835 The Staedtler Company was founded in Nuremberg.
1849 Edgar Allan Poe, US author, was found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore, Maryland under mysterious circumstances.
1888 The NZ Natives, the first national rugby team to wear the silver fern, played its first game in the UK.
1908 The Pravda newspaper was founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna.
1916 James Herriot, English vet & author, was born (d1995).
1918 King Boris III of Bulgaria acceded to the throne.
1925 Gore Vidal, American author, was born.
1932 Iraq gained independence from the United Kingdom.
1935 Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italy invaded Ethiopia under General de Bono.
1941 Chubby Checker, American singer-songwriterwas born.
1942 The first successful launch of a V-2 /A4-rocket from Test Stand VII at Peenemünde, Germany, this was the first man-made object to reach space.
1949 Lindsey Buckingham, American guitarist and singer (Fleetwood Mac), was born.
1950 Korean War: The First Battle of Maryang San, primarily pitting Australian and British forces against communist China, began.
1952 The United Kingdom successfully tested a nuclear weapon.
1955 The Mickey Mouse Club debuted on ABC.
1957 Allen Ginsberg’s Howl and Other Poems was ruled not obscene.
1962 Project Mercury: Sigma 7 was launched from Cape Canaveral, with Astronaut Wally Schirra aboard, for a six-orbit, nine-hour flight.
1964 First Buffalo Wings were made at the Anchor Bar in Buffalo, New York.
1971 Kevin Richardson, American singer (Backstreet Boys), was born.
1981 The Hunger Strike by Provisional Irish Republican Army and Irish National Liberation Army prisoners at the Maze Prison in Northern Ireland ended after seven months and ten deaths.
1981 The Communist Party of Namibia was founded at a conference in Angola.
1981 The Space Shuttle Atlantis made its maiden flight. (Mission STS-51-J)
1986 TASCC, a superconducting cyclotron at the Chalk River Laboratories, was officially opened.
1990 German Unity Day: The German Democratic Republic ceased to exist and its territory became part of the Federal Republic of Germany.
1993 Battle of Mogadishu: In an attempt to capture officials of warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid’s organisation in Mogadishu, Somalia, 18 US Soldiers and about 1,000 Somalis were killed in heavy fighting.
1995 O J Simpson acquitted of the murders of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman.
2008 The $700 billion bailout bill for the US financial system was signed by President Bush.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia