1132 Battle of Nocera between Ranulf II of Alife and Roger II of Sicily.
1148 Louis VII of France laid siege to Damascus during the Second Crusade.
1411 Battle of Harlaw, one of the bloodiest battles in Scotland.
1487 Citizens of Leeuwarden, Netherlands struck against ban on foreign beer.
1534 French explorer Jacques Cartier planted a cross on the Gaspé Peninsula and took possession of the territory in the name of Francis I of France.
1567 Mary, Queen of Scots, was forced to abdicate and replaced by her 1-year-old son James VI.
1701 Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founded the trading post at Fort Pontchartrain, which later became the city of Detroit, Michigan.
1715 A Spanish treasure fleet of 10 ships under Admiral Ubilla left Havana for Spain.
1725 John Newton, English cleric and hymnist, was born (d. 1807).
1823 Slavery was abolished in Chile.
1832 Benjamin Bonneville led the first wagon train across the Rocky Mountains by using Wyoming’s South Pass.
1847 After 17 months of travel, Brigham Young led 148 Mormon pioneers into Salt Lake Valley, resulting in the establishment of Salt Lake City.
1864 American Civil War: Battle of Kernstown – Confederate General Jubal Anderson Early defeated Union troops led by General George Crook in an effort to keep them out of the Shenandoah Valley.
1866 Reconstruction: Tennessee became the first U.S. State to be readmitted to the Union following the American Civil War.
1874 Oswald Chambers, Scottish minister and writer, was born (d. 1917).
1895 Robert Graves, English author, was born (d. 1985).
1897 Amelia Earhart, American aviator, was born (disappeared 1937).
1901 O. Henry was released from prison after serving three years for embezzlement from a bank.
1911 Hiram Bingham III re-discovered Machu Picchu, “the Lost City of the Incas”.
1915 The passenger ship S.S. Eastland capsised in central Chicago, with the loss of 845 lives.
1923 The Treaty of Lausanne, settling the boundaries of modern Turkey, was signed.
1927 The Menin Gate war memorial is unveiled at Ypres.
1929 The Kellogg-Briand Pact, renouncing war as an instrument of foreign policy went into effect.
1931 A fire at a home for the elderly in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania killed 48 people.
1935 The world’s first children’s railway opened in Tbilisi, USSR.
1935 The dust bowl heat wave reached its peak, sending temperatures to 109°F (44°C) in Chicago and 104°F (40°C) in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
1937 Alabama dropped rape charges against the so-called “Scottsboro Boys“.
1938 First ascent of the Eiger north face.
1943 World War II: Operation Gomorrah began: British and Canadian aeroplanes bombed Hamburg by night, those of the Americans by day.
1966 Michael Pelkey and Brian Schubert made the first BASE jump from El Capitan. Both came out with broken bones.
1967 During an official state visit to Canada, French President Charles de Gaulle declared to a crowd of over 100,000 in Montreal: Vive le Québec libre! (“Long live free Quebec!”). The statement, interpreted as support for Quebec independence, delighted many Quebecers but angered the Canadian government and many English Canadians.
1969 Jennifer Lopez, American actress and singer, was born.
1969 Apollo 11 splashed down safely in the Pacific Ocean.
1972 Bugojno group was caught by Yugoslav security forces.
1974 Watergate scandal: the United States Supreme Court unanimously ruled that President Richard Nixon did not have the authority to withhold subpoenaed White House tapes and they order him to surrender the tapes to the Watergate special prosecutor.
1974 After the Turkish invasion of Cyprus the Greek military junta collapsed and democracy was restored.
1977 End of a four day Libyan-Egyptian War.
1982 Anna Paquin, Canadian-born New Zealand actress, was born.
1982 Heavy rain caused a mudslide that destroyed a bridge at Nagasaki, Japan, killing 299.
1990 Iraqi forces started massing on the Kuwait-Iraq border.
1998 Russell Eugene Weston Jr. burst into the United States Capitol and opened fire killing two police officers.
2000 Private Leonard Manning became New Zealand’s first combat death since the Vietnam War when he was killed in Timor-Leste.
2001 – Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the last Tsar of Bulgaria when he was a child, was sworn in as Prime Minister of Bulgaria, becoming the first monarch in history to regain political power through democratic election to a different office.
2001 Bandaranaike Airport attack was carried out by 14 Tamil Tiger commandos, all died in this attack. They destroyed 11 Aircrafts (mostly military) and damaged 15, there are no civilian casualties.
2005 Lance Armstrong won his seventh consecutive Tour de France.
2007 Libya freed all six of the Medics in the HIV trial in Libya.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia