524 Battle of Vézeronce, the Franks defeated the Burgundians.
1678 Elena Cornaro Piscopia was the first woman awarded a doctorate of philosophy.
1741 Maria Theresa of Austria was crowned ruler of Hungary.
1880 Potatau Te Wherowhero of Waikato, the first Maori king died.
1900 Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Viceroy of India, was born (d. 1979).
1903 George Orwell (pen name of Eric Arthur Blair), British writer, was born (d. 1950).
1903 Anne Revere, American actress, was born (d. 1990).
1913 Cyril Fletcher, British comedian, was born (d. 2005).
1923 Nicholas Mosley, British writer, was born.
1925 June Lockhart, American actress, was born.
1928 Peyo, Belgian illustrator, was born (d. 1992).
1938 Dr. Douglas Hyde was inaugurated the first President of Ireland.
1939 Clint Warwick, English musician (The Moody Blues), was born (d. 2004).
1944 World War II: The Battle of Tali-Ihantala, the largest battle ever fought in the Nordic Countries, began.
1945 Carly Simon, American singer, was born.
1947 The Diary of Anne Frank was published.
1948 The Berlin airlift began.
1950 The Korean War began with the invasion of South Korea by North Korea.
1952 Tim Finn, New Zealand singer/songwriter, was born.
1961 Ricky Gervais, English comedian, actor, writer, was born.
1962 Phill Jupitus, English comedian and broadcaster, was born.
1967 First live global satellite television programme – Our World
1975 Mozambique achieved independence.
1981 Microsoft was restructured to become an incorporated business in its home state of Washington.
1982 Greece abolished the head shaving of recruits in the military.
1993 Kim Campbell was chosen as leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada and became the first female Prime Minister of Canada.
1996 The Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia killed 19 U.S. servicemen.
1997 The Soufrière Hills volcano in Montserrat erupted resulting in the deaths of 19 people.
2006 Gilad Shalit, an Israeli soldier, was kidnapped by Palestinian terrorists in a cross-border raid from the Gaza Strip.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia